API Face Value
Evaluating the Current Status and Potential of Emotion Detection Software in Emotional Deficit Interventions
Keywords:API, Emotion Recognition, Machine Learning, ASD, ADHD, Alexithymia
Emotion recognition application programming interface (API) is a recent advancement in computing technology that synthesizes computer vision, machine-learning algorithms, deep-learning neural networks, and other information to detect and label human emotions. The strongest iterations of this technology are produced by technology giants with large, cloud infrastructure (i.e., Google, and Microsoft), bolstering high true positive rates. We review the current status of applications of emotion recognition API in psychological research and find that, despite evidence of spatial, age, and race bias effects, API is improving the accessibility of clinical and educational research. Specifically, emotion detection software can assist individuals with emotion-related deficits (e.g., Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, Alexithymia). API has been incorporated in various computer-assisted interventions for Autism, where it has been used to diagnose, train, and monitor emotional responses to one's environment. We identify AP's potential to enhance interventions in other emotional dysfunction populations and to address various professional needs. Future work should aim to address the bias limitations of API software and expand its utility in subfields of clinical, educational, neurocognitive, and industrial-organizational psychology.